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Air Crash Investigation (Season 1 Complete)

 


Title


Disaster


Date Of Disaster

 

 

Racing The Storm (101)

American Airlines 1420

June 1, 1999

 

 

 

During their pre-landing checks during approach to Little Rock National Airport, the crew of American Airlines Flight 1420 forget to preset the spoilers to extend automatically when the aircraft touches down. The MD-82 overruns the runway and eleven people are killed.

 

 

Unlocking Disaster (102)

United Airlines 811

February 24, 1989

 

 

 

A Boeing 747 operating as United Airlines Flight 811 from Honolulu to Auckland is above the Pacific Ocean when part of the RH forward fuselage rips off. An improperly closed cargo door was blown open by the force of the cabin pressurization. Nine people are ejected from the aircraft; some are still strapped to their seats. The Boeing 747 safely lands back at Honolulu without any more loss of life.

 

 

Flying On Empty (103)

Air Transat 236

August 24, 2001

 

 

 

Air Transat Flight 236 leaks large amounts of fuel, but the pilots discount the ECAM warnings and the aircraft runs out of fuel. The pilots glide the aircraft to a naval base in the Azores where it lands safely. The post-incident investigation determines that improper maintenance actions during an engine change caused a hydraulic oil pipe and a fuel pipe to touch each other, resulting in the fracture of the fuel pipe.

 

 

Fire On Board (104)

Swissair 111

September 2, 1998

 

 

 

A McDonnell Douglas MD-11 operating as Swissair Flight 111 experiences a fire in the cockpit due to faulty wiring. The pilots divert the aircraft to Halifax, Nova Scotia, but vital systems fail while dumping fuel in preparation for landing. The aircraft crashes into the sea off Peggy's Cove with no survivors.

 

 

Flying Blind (105)

Aeroperú 603

October 2, 1996

 

 

 

The pilots of Aeroperú Flight 603 are confused by false speed and altitude readings and contradictory warnings from the aircraft's air data system, caused by duct tape over the static ports. The pilots descend the aircraft over the Pacific Ocean in preparation for an emergency landing, but it is much lower than the altimeter indicates. One wingtip touches the water and the aircraft crashes seconds later, killing everyone on board.

 

 

Cutting Corners (106)

Alaska Airlines 261

January 31, 2000

 

 

 

Alaska Airlines Flight 261 is heading for Seattle via San Francisco but its trimmable horizontal stabilizer jams due to an improperly maintained jackscrew assembly. The stabilizer breaks free from its control system and the aircraft dives inverted into the Pacific Ocean, causing the death of all on board.

 


Air Crash Investigation (Season 2 Complete)

 


Title


Disaster


Date Of Disaster

 

 

Blow Out (201)

British Airways 5390

June 10, 1990

 

 

 

The night before the incident, a maintenance worker replaces the screws attaching the cockpit window on a British Airways BAC-111 but does not follow the correct procedure, using incorrect screws to do the job. The next day the aircraft is heading for Malaga, Spain as Flight 5390 when the cockpit window blows out, sucking the captain partially through the hole. A member of the cabin crew clings to the pilot's legs as the co-pilot flies the aircraft to Southampton Airport for an emergency landing. The captain is found to be still alive after being outside the cockpit for 21 minutes.

 

 

Wounded Bird (202)

Atlantic Southeast Airlines 529

August 21, 1995

 

 

 

Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 529's left propeller is damaged by metal fatigue, causing it to lose one of its blades. The resulting imbalance causes the engine to be partly torn from its mounting, which disrupts the airflow over the wing. That and the massive increase in drag means the aircraft is unable to maintain height on one engine. The aircraft crashes before it can reach an airport, killing nine of the 29 people on board.

 

 

Hijacked (203)

Air France 8969

December 24, 1994

 

 

 

Air France Flight 8969 to Paris-Orly is hijacked on the ground at Algiers Airport. The terrorists demand the aircraft be allowed to depart for Paris so they could crash the A300 into the Eiffel Tower. The only problem is the terrorists do not know how to fly the airplane. The Algerian Army refuses and three of the 220 passengers are shot dead over the next two days. The aircraft is cleared to take off but the crew divert it to Marseille Provence Airport. The terrorist leader forces the pilots to park the aircraft in front of the control tower and the terrorists open fire on the tower building. The Hostage rescue team of the French Gendarmerie storm the aircraft and after a gun battle in the cabin, the hijackers are dead. Everyone else is evacuated.

 

 

Deadly Crossroads (204)

Bashkirian 2937 / DHL 611

July 1, 2002

 

 

 

Bashkirian Airlines Flight 2937 is flying in German airspace near Überlingen under control of the Swiss air traffic control service with 69 people on board. Due to multiple faults within the local air traffic control system, the Tu-154M aircraft collides with the tail of DHL Flight 611, carrying air freight. Flight 2937 is destroyed instantly and Flight 611 crashes shortly afterwards, killing all 71 people in the two aircraft.

 

 

Lost (205)

American Airlines 965

December 20, 1995

 

 

 

American Airlines Flight 965 heads for Cali, Colombia. The crew is asked if they would like to do a straight-in approach to Cali. The pilots agree and inadvertently remove the waypoints from the flight plan in their Flight management system (FMS), causing them to become unsure of their exact position. Their mistakes cause them to crash into a 9,000 foot mountain near Buga. Only four passengers survive.

 

 

Missing Over New York (206)

Avianca 52

January 25, 1990

 

 

 

During its flight to New York, Avianca Flight 52 is delayed numerous times, causing the Boeing 707 with 158 people on board to run out of fuel. The aircraft then crashes near Cove Neck, New York. 73 people die.

 


Air Crash Investigation (Season 3 Complete)

 


Title


Disaster


Date Of Disaster

 

 

Hanging By a Thread (301)

Aloha Airlines 243

April 28, 1988

 

 

 

Aloha Airlines Flight 243 is en route from Hilo to Honolulu in Hawaii with 95 passengers and crew. Fuselage skin lap joints (badly damaged by corrosion resulting from a fault at manufacture, and by metal fatigue) give way, and a section of the roof between the cockpit and the leading edges of the wings is torn off. The aircraft manages an emergency landing at Kahului, Maui. A flight attendant blown out of the cabin is the only fatality.

 

 

Attack Over Baghdad (302)

DHL OO-DLL

November 22, 2003

 

 

 

A terrorist missile is fired at a European Air Transport freighter flying on behalf of DHL Aviation. The left wing burns out of control and all hydraulic pressure is lost. Despite the damage the aircraft lands safely at Baghdad, the first successful landing of a large airliner without the use of hydraulics. The crew are later given awards in recognition of their actions that day.

 

 

Out Of Control (303)

Japan Airlines 123

August 12, 1985

 

 

 

Damage to the lower rear fuselage of a Japan Airlines Boeing 747 is incorrectly repaired and the aircraft returns to service. Seven years later the aircraft is operating as Flight 123 when the poorly-repaired rear pressure bulkhead bursts, destroying the vertical fin and rupturing all four hydraulic systems. The pilots manage to keep the aircraft flying for 32 minutes until it clips a mountain ridge then impacts Mt. Osutaka. Of the 524 passengers onboard, many survive the crash but die during the night; only four survive to be rescued the next day. This is the largest ever death toll for a single-aircraft disaster.

 

 

Suicide Attack (304)

FedEx 705

April 7, 1994

 

 

 

Auburn Calloway is about to be fired from FedEx for lying on his résumé. He boards FedEx Flight 705 with hammers and a speargun. After the cargo flight takes off from Memphis, Tennessee, Calloway enters the cockpit and attacks the flight crew. They fight to subdue their co-worker and land the aircraft safely back at Memphis.

 

 

Mistaken Identity (305)

Iran Air 655

July 3, 1988

 

 

 

The Iran–Iraq War is raging in the Persian Gulf region. The USS Vincennes is a highly advanced cruiser, capable of identifying and destroying aircraft with pinpoint accuracy. But when Iran Air Flight 655 crosses the Gulf, the crew of the Vincennes, despite its high-tech equipment, mistake the airliner for an F-14 Tomcat fighter jet and launch a missile, shooting it down and killing all on board.

 

 

Bomb On Board (306)

Philippine Airlines 434

December 11, 1994

 

 

 

Terrorist Ramzi Yousef smuggles a bomb aboard Philippine Airlines Flight 434 on the first leg of its flight. On the final leg of the journey to Tokyo the bomb explodes, killing a passenger and damaging the aircraft's control systems. The pilot makes a successful emergency landing in Okinawa. The larger plot to bring down as many as a dozen aircraft is foiled.

 

 

Helicopter Down (307)

Bristow 56C

January 19, 1995

 

 

 

A Bristow Helicopters Super Puma is struck in the tail rotor by lightning in a storm while flying to the Brae oilfield. The tail rotor fails, forcing the crew to perform an emergency autorotation and ditch in the sea. Despite the conditions, the sixteen oil rig workers and pilots are rescued.

 

 

Death And Denial (308)

EgyptAir 990

October 31, 1999

 

 

 

First Officer Gameel Al-Batouti takes control of EgyptAir Flight 990 after it is established at its cruising altitude of 33,000 feet, and switches off the autopilot. The aircraft subsequently dives at a rate of over 20,000 feet per minute (losing 17,000 feet of altitude in 44 seconds), creating weightlessness in the cabin. The aircraft ascends back to 24,000 feet, then dives again. The manoeuvres cause the left engine to be torn off. Less than three minutes after leaving cruising altitude the aircraft crashes into the Atlantic Ocean 100 kilometres south of Nantucket Island, Massachusetts.

 

 

Kid In The Cockpit (309)

Aeroflot 593

March 23, 1994

 

 

 

The captain of Aeroflot Flight 593 brings his two children into the cockpit. The pilot's 15 year old son has a turn in the captain's seat. He uses the aircraft controls; his actions eventually cause the aircraft to stall. The aircraft crashes with the loss of all 75 people on board.

 

 

Ocean Landing (310)

Ethiopian Airlines 961

November 23, 1996

 

 

 

Hijackers on Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 demand passage to Australia, not believing the pilot when he explains they don't have enough fuel. The pilot tries to trick them by flying down the coast of Africa but the hijackers notice and force the pilot to fly east. The pilot obeys but heads for the Comoros Islands, near where the aircraft runs out of fuel. The leading hijacker disengages the autopilot and tries to fly the aircraft himself but realizes he can't control it. The pilot is put back in control and attempts to land the 767 on the water next to a beach at Grand Comoro Island but the aircraft breaks up as its wing hits the water; 125 people die.

 

 

Collision On The Runway (311)

Pan Am 1736 / KLM 4805

March 27, 1977

 

 

 

The video for this episode is unavailable. There are two other videos in the vault detailing this crash: "Seconds From Disaster - Collision On The Runway" and "Nova - The Deadliest Plane Crash".

 


Air Crash Investigation (Season 4 Complete)

 


Title


Disaster


Date Of Disaster

 

 

Miracle Escape (401)

Air France 358

August 2, 2005

 

 

 

Air France Flight 358 comes in too high for landing at Toronto Pearson International Airport during a storm. The runway is short and the pilots deploy the thrust reversers too late. The A340 overruns the runway and smashes through the airport fence before plunging into a small ravine. Although the aircraft is burnt out, all 309 people onboard survive by evacuating the aircraft in less than 90 seconds.

 

 

All Engines Failed (402)

British Airways 9

June 24, 1982

 

 

 

British Airways Flight 9 experiences St. Elmo's fire along with smoke smelling like sulphur in the cabin. All four engines on the Boeing 747 start torching then flame out. With 263 people on board, BA009 starts downward but the crew successfully restart the engines. The aircraft safely makes an emergency landing at Jakarta.

 

 

Fire Fight (403)

Air Canada 797

June 2, 1983

 

 

 

Air Canada Flight 797 experiences an in-flight fire in the aircraft's toilet and smoke fills the cabin. An emergency landing is made in Cincinnati, but due to a flashover the DC-9 is engulfed by flames as the doors open on the runway. More than half of the passengers perish.

 

 

Blind Landing (404)

Korean Airlines 801

August 6, 1997

 

 

 

Korean Airlines Flight 801 with its 254 passengers and crew is on final approach to Guam's Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport in the middle of the night in poor weather. The glideslope part of the Instrument landing system is out of service, leaving only the Localiser to aid aircraft crews; and a software change to the ground proximity radar system at the airport prevents the aircraft from being shown on the system. The aircraft follows the Localiser and DME signals towards the airport. The aircraft descends, but the pilots still cannot see the airport. They initiate a missed approach procedure but they have descended too far and Flight 801 hits the rugged terrain of Nimitz Hill. The Boeing 747 breaks up and catches fire. 29 people escape but 225 die in the wreckage; four crash survivors die later while being hospitalized.

 

 

Hidden Danger (405)

Various

Various

 

 

 

The rudder fails on a Boeing 737 operating as United Airlines Flight 585 and the aircraft spins out of control during approach to Colorado Springs, killing 25. Investigators are unable to determine the cause although they suspect a problem in the power control unit (PCU) which controls the rudder. Then three years later, another Boeing 737 flying as USAir Flight 427 crashes after a similar event during final approach. This time, the PCU survives intact but functions normally during testing. Two years on, Eastwind Airlines Flight 517 experiences two massive rolls to the right but the pilot is able to control the rolls and lands the 737 safely. This time an intact PCU is available for inspection. Investigations determine that thermal shock caused the rudders of the three aircraft to "hardover" and jam.

 

 

Panic Over The Pacific (406)

China Airlines 006

February 19, 1985

 

 

 

China Airlines Flight 006 encounters turbulence while flying to Los Angeles. The No. 4 engine flames out and the crew tries to restart the engine at too high an altitude. Crew mismanagement of the situation causes the aircraft to go out of control. The extreme forces rip the undercarriage doors and parts of the horizontal stabilizers off. The crew recover control of the aircraft and then land it safely at San Francisco despite control problems associated with the tailplane damage. Two people are hurt.

 

 

Out Of Sight (407)

Aeroméxico 498

August 31, 1986

 

 

 

Aeroméxico Flight 498 is descending into Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) for landing. Meanwhile, a privately-operated Piper Archer takes off from an airfield in nearby Torrance. The Archer unwittingly enters LAX airspace but the air traffic controller does not notice it due to a distraction by another light aircraft on his radar screen. Over the residential district of Cerritos the Archer hits Flight 498's horizontal stabilizer, shearing off the top of its cockpit and destroying half of the tail of Flight 498. The badly damaged DC-9 rolls inverted and plummets into the houses below. Everyone on board the two aircraft perishes as well as 15 people on the ground.

 

 

Flight 21 Is Missing (408)

IFO-21

April 3, 1996

 

 

 

A United States Air Force Boeing CT-43 (operating under the callsign IFO-21) attempts an instrument approach into Dubrovnik Airport in heavy fog. The passengers are mainly US government officials. The pilots attempt the IFR non-precision NDB approach to Runway 12. The aircraft goes off course and hits mountains north of the airport, killing all 35 people onboard, including the United States Secretary of Commerce Ron Brown.

 

 

Desperate Dive (409)

Flash Airlines 604

January 3, 2004

 

 

 

Flash Airlines Flight 604 departs Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport in Egypt for Paris. Just after take-off, the aircraft banks right and goes off course. The pilot corrects the roll but the aircraft banks right again. This time the pilot does not correct the roll. The Boeing 737 rolls further and descends into the Red Sea 9 km south of Sharm el-Sheikh. Everyone on board is killed. The cause of this disaster is disputed.

 

 

Ghost Plane (410)

Helios Airways 522

August 14, 2005

 

 

 

Helios Airways Flight 522 departs from Cyprus. As it flies over Greece, air traffic controllers lose radio contact with it. An incorrect setting on the cabin pressurization panel causes the pilots and everyone else on board to succumb to hypoxia. Flight 522 runs out of fuel and dives into a hill near Marathon, Greece. There are no survivors.

 


Air Crash Investigation (Season 5 Complete)

 


Title


Disaster


Date Of Disaster

 

 

Explosive Evidence (501)

Air India 182

June 23, 1985

 

 

 

Air India Flight 182 explodes in mid-air and disintegrates over the coast of Ireland, killing all 329 on board. Investigators discover that a bomb from Sikh militant group Babbar Khalsa caused the explosion.

 

 

Behind Closed Doors (502)

Various

Various

 

 

 

A McDonnell Douglas DC-10 just a few months old, operating American Airlines Flight 96 from Detroit, Michigan to Buffalo, New York, suffers an explosive decompression after a cargo door bursts open. The crew make an emergency landing at Windsor, Ontario without any loss of life. However, the design fault with the cargo door mechanism is not rectified and two years later, Turkish Airlines Flight 981 suffers a similar blowout during a flight from Paris to London. This time the DC-10's hydraulic systems are damaged and the aircraft crashes in a forest near Senlis, killing all 346 on board.

 

 

Southern Storm (503)

Southern Airways 242

April 4, 1977

 

 

 

Southern Airways Flight 242 is a flight from Huntsville, Alabama to Atlanta, Georgia. It flies through a severe thunderstorm and is hit by large hailstones. Both engines of the DC-9-31 fail and the aircraft makes an emergency landing on a highway in New Hope, Paulding County, Georgia. However it collides with a gas station and explodes, killing 62 people on board and eight on the ground; two more die later of injuries they sustained during the crash.

 

 

Dead Weight (504)

Air Midwest 5481

January 8, 2003

 

 

 

A small commuter aircraft, Air Midwest Express Flight 5481 crashes into a hangar of Charlotte/Douglas International Airport seconds after take-off on a flight to Greenville.

 

 

Slammed To The Ground (505)

Delta Air Lines 191

August 2, 1985

 

 

 

Delta Air Lines Flight 191 crashes while on approach to the Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, killing eight of 11 crew members and 128 of the 152 passengers on board, and one person on the ground. This accident is one of the few commercial air crashes in which the meteorological phenomenon known as microburst-induced wind shear was a direct contributing factor.

 

 

Deadly Glide (506)

Air Canada 143

July 23, 1983

 

 

 

A Boeing 767 operating as Air Canada Flight 143 runs out of fuel at 41,000 feet (12,000m) altitude, about halfway through its flight from Montreal to Edmonton. The crew is able to glide the aircraft safely to an emergency landing at Gimli Industrial Park Airport, a former airbase at Gimli, Manitoba.

 

 

Cargo Conspiracy (507)

South African Airways 295

November 28, 1987

 

 

 

South African Airways Flight 295 starts filling with smoke over the Indian Ocean. A fire has erupted in the rear main level cargo area; the pilots successfully open the doors in flight to clear the smoke from the aircraft, however it crashes with no survivors.

 

 

Whos at the Controls (508)

Eastern Airlines 401

December 29, 1972

 

 

 

A Lockheed L-1011 Tristar operating Eastern Airlines Flight 401 to Miami International Airport crashes in the Everglades because the crew is distracted by a faulty landing gear indicator light and accidentally disengage the autopilot. 101 people die.

 

 

Plane That Wouldnt Talk (509)

Birgenair 301

February 6, 1996

 

 

 

Birgenair Flight 301 is scheduled to fly from Puerto Plata to Frankfurt. On takeoff, the captain finds that his air speed indicator (ASI) is not reading properly, though the co-pilot's ASI is showing the correct speed. Both pilots become confused and believe that both ASIs are malfunctioning. They lose control of the aircraft and it crashes in the Caribbean Sea. All 13 crew members and 176 passengers die.

 

 

Radio Silence (510)

Gol 1907 / Embraer N600XL

September 29, 2006

 

 

 

A Gol Transportes Aéreos Boeing 737 and a brand-new Embraer Legacy business jet on its delivery flight collide in mid-air over the Amazon. The 737 crashes but the Legacy manages to make a safe landing. 154 people die.

 


Air Crash Investigation (Season 6 Complete)

 


Title


Disaster


Date Of Disaster

 

 

Lockerbie (601)

Pan Am 103

December 21, 1988

 

 

 

Pan Am Flight 103, a Boeing 747 flying from London to New York explodes in mid-air shortly after levelling off at 31,000 feet. The explosion causes the disintegration of the plane and wreckage lands in and around the small town of Lockerbie in Scotland, killing all 259 people on board as well as 11 people on the ground. The explosion was later determined to have been caused by a bomb in the forward cargo compartment.

 

 

Head On Collision (602)

Saudi 763 / Kazakh 1907

November 12, 1996

 

 

 

A Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747 and a Air Kazakhstan Ilyushin Il-76 collide in mid-air over Charkhi Dadri, Haryanna, India; killing 349 people. Communication problems between the Kazakh jet and ATC, a design flaw in the ATC radar system, and cloudy weather; lead to the deadliest mid-air collision in history.

 

 

Shattered In Seconds (603)

China Airlines 611

May 25, 2002

 

 

 

In 2002, a China Airlines Boeing 747 disintegrated in mid-air and crashed into the Taiwan Strait just 20 minutes after taking off, killing all 225 people on board. The investigation revealed that a tailstrike some 22 years earlier sealed the fate of the aircraft.

 

 

Deadly Prize (604)

Partnair 394

September 8, 1989

 

 

 

In September 1989, a Partnair Convair 580 plunged into the sea just off the coast of Denmark killing all 55 people on board. Due to the use of non-genuine spare parts, the bolts joining the tail section to the fuselage failed in flight leading to a catastrophic structural failure.

 

 

Operation Babylift (605)

US Military

April 4, 1975

 

 

 

In the final days of the Vietnam War, an American-led coalition conducts a mass evacuation of infants and children from South Vietnam. During the airlift a United States Air Force Lockheed C-5 Galaxy suffers an explosive decompression soon after take off and has to return to Tan Son Nhat airport. It crashes in a paddy field near the airport.

 

 

Ditch The Plane (606)

Tuninter 1153

August 6, 2005

 

 

 

On August 2005, a Tuninter ATR-72 ran out of fuel and was forced to ditch in the sea near Palermo, Italy. Of the 39 people on board, 16 lost their lives. The mistake was simply the installation of the wrong fuel gauge from a similar model of plane. This displayed an inaccurate reading; significantly higher than what fuel was actually on board.

 

 

The Plane That Vanished (607)

Adam Air 574

January 1, 2007

 

 

 

In January 2007, an Adam Air Boeing 737 crashed into the Makassar Strait killing 102 people on board. The pilots inadvertenly disengaged the autopilot while trying to fix the inertial reference system, causing the plane to plunge to the water.

 

 

Frozen In Flight (608)

American Eagle 4184

October 31, 1994

 

 

 

On Halloween 1994, an American Eagle ATR-72 suffered a loss of control and crashed near Roselawn, Indiana killing all 68 people on board. While flying in freezing conditions, ice accumulated on the wings. Inadequate de-icing mechanisms failed to remove the ice, resulting in the disruption of the airflow.

 


Air Crash Investigation (Season 7 Complete)

 


Title


Disaster


Date Of Disaster

 

 

Manchester Runway (701)

British Airtours 28M

August 22, 1985

 

 

 

An engine catches fire during the takeoff phase of a British charter flight from the United Kingdom to the Greek island of Corfu. Despite a successful abandonment of takeoff, 55 of the 137 passengers and crew are killed as the aircraft burns on the runway.

 

 

Pilot Vs Plane (702)

Air France 296

June 26, 1988

 

 

 

An Airbus A320 operated by Air France fails to regain altitude and crashes after performing a flyby during an airshow at Mulhouse-Habsheim Airport, killing 3 passengers.

 

 

Cockpit Chaos (703)

Northwest Airlines 255

August 16, 1987

 

 

 

A series of cockpit distractions while on the runway causes the crew to neglect to follow the taxi checklist prior to takeoff. The plane attempts to take off without its flaps or slats extended, fails to gain sufficient altitude, and crashes. The crash kills 154 of 155 passengers and crew on board, as well as 2 people on the ground. At the time this was the second deadliest air disaster on US soil, second only to the crash of American Airlines Flight 191 eight years earlier.

 

 

Cleared For Disaster (704)

USAir 1493 / Skywest 5569

February 1, 1991

 

 

 

On a night with light to moderate traffic at Los Angeles International Airport in 1991, an air traffic controller mistakenly assigns an inbound USAir Boeing 737 the identical runway where a SkyWest Airlines commuter flight is awaiting departure clearance. Upon landing, the 737 collides with the small aircraft, skids off the runway, and strikes a building. All 12 passengers and crew on the SkyWest flight are killed, along with an additional 22 occupants on the USAir flight.

 

 

Target Is Destroyed (705)

Korean Airlines 007

September 1, 1983

 

 

 

During the Cold War, a Korean Air Lines red eye flight en-route to Seoul from New York via Anchorage strays over restricted Soviet airspace and is subsequently shot down, sparking an international controversy. An investigation reveals that the flight crew's failure to switch the autopilot from heading to INS mode following takeoff caused the flight to deviate from its assigned flight path and violate Soviet airspace.

 

 

Crashed And Alone (706)

Air Inter 148

January 20, 1992

 

 

 

A French passenger airliner crashes into the Vosges Mountains while circling to land at Strasbourg Airport. The crash kills 87 of the 96 passengers and crew on board. Contributing factors to the crash are thought to include insufficient training for flight deck crew, pilot confusion regarding the autopilot display of the flight path angle and vertical speed, ATC error, the lack of a GPWS on board Air Inter aircraft, and an obscure A320 autopilot reaction to manual inputs made during turbulence.

 

 

Snowbound (707)

Air Ontario 1363 / USAir 405

March 10, 1989 / March 22, 1992

 

 

 

During harsh winter conditions in Dryden, Ontario, a passenger plane crashes into trees 962 metres beyond the end of the runway moments after takeoff. Three years later, this scenario repeats itself with the identical aircraft model on a USAir flight, as it plunges into Flushing Bay upon takeoff from LaGuardia Airport. Poor safety practices, a design flaw with the wings of the Fokker F28, and ineffective de-icing mechanisms lead to ice buildup on the wings of the aircraft in each incident, causing both aircraft to crash.

 

 

Beach Crash (708)

Chalk's Ocean Airways 101

December 19, 2005

 

 

 

Moments after taking off, the right wing of a seaplane falls off, and the plane crashes into shallow waters off Miami Beach, killing all 20 passengers and crew on board. Investigators subsequently discover that the plane crashed due to metal fatigue that resulted from poor maintenence, financial distress at Chalk's, and a lack of appropriate FAA oversight.

 


Air Crash Investigation (Season 8 Complete)

 


Title


Disaster


Date Of Disaster

 

 

Heathrow Crash Landing (801)

British Airways 38

January 17, 2008

 

 

 

On 17 January 2008, during short final both British Airways Flight 38's engines rolled back to idle. The Captain raises the flaps which gives them a few more feet of flying time. The aircraft passes over the A30 road and crashes just short of the runway. There were no fatalities, but 47 people sustained injuries. The fuel flow to both engines was restricted because of ice crystals causing a blockage in the fuel-oil heat exchangers (FOHE). Another similar incident happened on November 26, 2008 when Delta Air Lines Flight 18's engines also rolled back to idle at 39,000 feet. That plane landed safely in Atlanta.

 

 

Hudson Splash Down (802)

US Airways 1549

January 15, 2009

 

 

 

On 15 January 2009, an Airbus A320 as US Airways Flight 1549 encounters a bird strike with a flock of Canadian geese just one and a half minutes after taking off from LaGuardia Airport in New York en route to Charlotte/Douglas Airport. The flight just lasted about 5 minutes when the plane ditched into the Hudson River, amazingly leaving all onboard alive. The ditching is described as "the most successful ditching of all time".

 

 

Stalled in the Sky (803)

Colgan Air 3407

February 12, 2009

 

 

 

On 12 February 2009, Colgan Air Flight 3407 stalled at 2,000 feet plunging to the ground near Buffalo, New York with no survivors. Several critical errors made by the flight crew may have been the result of fatigue.

 

 

Pilot Betrayed (804)

Scandinavian Airlines 751

December 27, 1991

 

 

 

A McDonnell Douglas MD-81 has been de-iced twice, but less than two minutes after take-off, both engines fail. As the pilots try restarting them the left engine erupts in flames. Shortly thereafter the plane crash lands in a field and breaks apart; all aboard survive. The cause was engine damage after clear ice was sucked into both. A system known as Automatic Thrust Restoration then increased engine output after the engines had been set to idle in an attempt to save them. The ATR system's existence was not something the pilots were informed about.

 

 

Cockpit Failure (805)

Crossair LX 3597

November 24, 2001

 

 

 

On 24 November 2001, Crossair Flight LX 3597 crashed into a hill after aborting their landing into Zurich. 28 passengers and 5 crew members were aboard, but only 9 survived. The cause was the pilot descending below the minimum safe altitude for the approach.

 

 

Whos In Control (806)

Turkish Airlines 1951

February 25, 2009

 

 

 

On 25 February 2009, Turkish Airlines Flight 1951 a Boeing 737-800 jetliner crashed 1 mile from the runway at Schiphol after suffering a stall. Nine people were killed including the three cockpit crew. A faulty radio altimeter caused the plane's computer to automatically reduce engine throttle prematurely in anticipation of landing, and the flight crew failed to notice the drop in airspeed until it was too late.

 


Air Crash Investigation (Specials)

 


Title


Disaster


Date Of Disaster

 

 

Ripped Apart (SP1)

Various

Various

 

 

 

This special looks at accidents and incidents where pressurization failure or explosive decompression played a part. Episodes re-visited: 3x01-Hanging by a Thread, 2x01-Blow Out, 1x02-Unlocking Disaster, 4x10-Ghost Plane.

 

 

Fatal Flaw (SP2)

Various

Various

 

 

 

This special looks at accidents caused by seemingly minor defects or errors. Episodes re-visited: 1x06-Cutting Corners, 3x03-Out of Control, 2x02-A Wounded Bird, 1x04-Fire on Board, 4x05-Hidden Danger.

 

 

Whos Flying The Plane (SP3)

Various

Various

 

 

 

This special looks at accidents and incidents where problems with the interface between crew members and onboard avionics were a factor, and the causes of those problems. Episodes re-visited: 1x05-Flying Blind, 4x06-Panic Over the Pacific, 3x09-Kid in the Cockpit, 4x09-Vertigo, 1x03-Flying on Empty.

 


Crash Files

 


Title


Disaster


Date Of Disaster

 

 

Korean Airlines 801

Korean Airlines 801

August 6, 1997

 

 

 

Korean Airlines Flight 801 with its 254 passengers and crew is on final approach to Guam's Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport in the middle of the night in poor weather. The glideslope part of the Instrument landing system is out of service, leaving only the Localiser to aid aircraft crews; and a software change to the ground proximity radar system at the airport prevents the aircraft from being shown on the system. The aircraft follows the Localiser and DME signals towards the airport. The aircraft descends, but the pilots still cannot see the airport. They initiate a missed approach procedure but they have descended too far and Flight 801 hits the rugged terrain of Nimitz Hill. The Boeing 747 breaks up and catches fire. 29 people escape but 225 die in the wreckage; four crash survivors die later while being hospitalized.

 

 

The Concorde

Air France 4590

July 25, 2000

 

 

 

As a Concorde supersonic jet operating as Air France Flight 4590 takes off from Charles de Gaulle International Airport, it catches fire and crashes into a hotel in Gonesse, killing all 109 people on board and four in the hotel.

 

 

US Air 427

US Air 427

September 8, 1994

 

 

 

The rudder fails on a Boeing 737 operating as United Airlines Flight 585 and the aircraft spins out of control during approach to Colorado Springs, killing 25. Investigators are unable to determine the cause although they suspect a problem in the power control unit (PCU) which controls the rudder. Then three years later, another Boeing 737 flying as USAir Flight 427 crashes after a similar event during final approach. This time, the PCU survives intact but functions normally during testing. Two years on, Eastwind Airlines Flight 517 experiences two massive rolls to the right but the pilot is able to control the rolls and lands the 737 safely. This time an intact PCU is available for inspection. Investigations determine that thermal shock caused the rudders of the three aircraft to "hardover" and jam.

 

 

ValuJet 592

ValuJet 592

May 11, 1996

 

 

 

ValuJet Flight 592, a DC-9 with 110 people on board is bound for Atlanta, Georgia from Miami, Florida. While it taxis for take-off, expired oxygen generators activate in the cargo hold. The oxygen ignites in the overheated hold. Shortly after take-off, the cargo fire is so large that the cabin is consumed in flames. The jet loses control and goes down in the Everglades. There are no survivors as the wreckage is entirely absorbed by the swamp.

 


Seconds From Disaster

 


Title


Disaster


Date Of Disaster

 

 

Amsterdam Air Crash

El Al 1862

October 4, 1992

 

 

 

El Al Flight 1862, a Boeing 747-200F cargo plane, takes-off from Schiphol Airport in Amsterdam, the Netherlands (Holland). Metal fatigue in the fuse pin holding up the inner engine on the right wing causes it to fail and force the engine to break off. The engine running at full power shot forward and knocked out the outer engine and damaged 30 ft. of the wing. The lift between the wings becomes unbalanced, but at its current speed, the plane is able to remain relatively level in the air. However, 8 minutes later, when the crew slow down the plane for landing, Flight 1862 banks greatly to the right and loses altitude. The aircraft crashes into a high rise apartment building, killing 43 people.

 

 

Chicago Air Crash

American Airlines 191

May 25, 1979

 

 

 

American Airlines Flight 191, a DC-10, takes-off from Chicago's O'Hare Airport. As the plane begins to lift, the engine breaks free from the left wing due to money and time-saving maintenance and swings over it, leaving a hole in the wing. The engine smashes onto the runway. 31 seconds after take-off, leaking hydraulic fluid from the hole causes the left wing slats to retract and lose lift for that wing. The plane tilts left and crashes into a trailer park, killing all on board plus two on the ground.

 

 

Collision On The Runway

Pan Am 1736 / KLM 4805

March 27, 1977

 

 

 

KLM Flight 4805 and Pan-Am Flight 1736 are scheduled to land on the Canary Islands, but a bombing caused them to divert to Tenerife. While the pilots wait for the passengers, the fog begins to roll in. Later on, KLM Flight 4805 starts down the runway, while at the same moment, Pan-Am 1736 reaches the exit and tries to turn off. Then they slam into each other. There were only 61 survivors.

 

 

Comet Air Crash

BOAC 781

January 10, 1954

 

 

 

One of the world's first passenger jets and the most luxurious of its kind, the de Havilland DH-106 Comet-1, takes off from Rome but 26 minutes into the flight, it explodes, killing 35. Then months later, another Comet crashes in the same way. The cause of both crashes was due to the aluminium skin. The constant pressurisation of the jet in flight flexed the thin skin, causing metal fatigue and mostly around the square windows.

 

 

Crash Landing At Sioux City

United Airlines 232

July 19, 1989

 

 

 

United Airlines Flight 232, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10, loses hydraulic pressure after the tail-mounted no.2 engine's fan blade splits and disintegrates. The damage to the aircraft is so severe that it can only turn right. The pilots try to land at Sioux City, Iowa. As the DC-10 descends towards the runway at 6 times the normal descent rate, it rolls right, causing it to break up into three main parts and explode into a fireball. 111 of the 285 people on board are killed in the emergency landing.

 

 

Crash Of The Concorde

Air France 4590

July 25, 2000

 

 

 

As a Concorde supersonic jet operating as Air France Flight 4590 takes off from Charles de Gaulle International Airport, it catches fire and crashes into a hotel in Gonesse, killing all 109 people on board and four in the hotel.

 

 

Florida Swamp Air Crash

ValuJet 592

May 11, 1996

 

 

 

ValuJet Flight 592, a DC-9 with 110 people on board is bound for Atlanta, Georgia from Miami, Florida. While it taxis for take-off, expired oxygen generators activate in the cargo hold. The oxygen ignites in the overheated hold. Shortly after take-off, the cargo fire is so large that the cabin is consumed in flames. The jet loses control and goes down in the Everglades. There are no survivors as the wreckage is entirely absorbed by the swamp.

 

 

Motorway Plane Crash

British Midland 092

January 8, 1989

 

 

 

British Midland Flight 092, a two-month-old Boeing 737-400, takes-off from Heathrow Airport in London, heading for Belfast. While en route the aircraft's left engine suffers a fan blade failure. Changes in cabin air intake design and engine performance gauges cause the pilot to shut down the wrong engine and prepare for an emergency landing at East Midlands Airport which is just across the M1 motorway to Kegworth. On approach to the airport the damaged left engine fails completely and then catches fire. The crew tries to glide the aircraft to the runway but it bounces over the M1 and crashes on the embankment of the motorway, killing 47 people.

 

 

New York Air Crash

American Airlines 587

November 12, 2001

 

 

 

Two months since the September 11, 2001 attacks, the event remained fresh in the minds of Americans. At John F. Kennedy Airport, American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300-600R, leaves on a three hour flight to Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic. Shortly after take-off, it encounters turbulence from a Japan Airlines Boeing B-747 that took off from the same runway 30 seconds earlier, causing it to violently tilt back and forth. The pilot repeatedly steps on the rudder back and forth to stabilize the plane, but his overuse of the rudder breaks the tail from the fuselage. Without the tail to support the aircraft, it spins out of control and crashes into Rockaway, Queens, killing all 260 people on board and 5 on the ground.

 

 

Pentagon 9/11

American Airlines 77

September 11, 2001

 

 

 

As the World Trade Center in New York City burns after being hit by two hijacked aircraft, another hijacked Boeing 757-200 is deliberately flown into The Pentagon in Washington, D.C., killing all 64 people on board and 125 on the ground.

 

 

Plane Crash In The Potomac

Air Florida 90

January 13, 1982

 

 

 

Air Florida Flight 90 leaves Washington National Airport in Washington DC for Miami with 79 passengers and crew on board. The Boeing 737-200 is delayed for hours by bad conditions, allowing ice from the weather to build up and disrupt airflow onto the wings. Just seconds after getting airborne, the plane stalls in mid-air and crashes into the 14th Street Bridge. It bounces off and slams into the icy Potomac river. Five survivors are pulled out alive but 78 lose their lives; 4 of them were motorists on the bridge.

 

 

The Hindenburg

LZ-129 Hindenburg

May 6, 1937

 

 

 

The zeppelin LZ-129 Hindenburg approaches the Lakehurst Naval Air Station for landing. Thunderstorms have added static electricity to the zeppelin's skin. It makes two sharp turns as it approaches the air field, something that the Hindenburg was not designed to do. A cable in one of the hydrogen cells snap and whiplashes the cell. When the landing ropes touch the ground, they are slowly soaked by the light rain falling, a static spark ignites the hydrogen leak. The zeppelin explodes into an inferno and crashes, killing 35 of the 97 people on board and 1 ground crew member.

 

 

TWA 800

Trans World Airlines 800

July 17, 1996

 

 

 

TWA Flight 800 leaves New York for Paris 80 minutes late. Only 12 minutes into the flight, there are short circuits in electrical wires which cause ignition of vaporised jet fuel in the center fuel tank. The explosion causes the nose of the aircraft to break off. The plane continues to disintegrate as it plummets into the sea, killing all 230 on board.

 


Misc Air Crash

 


Title


Disaster


Date Of Disaster

 

 

Air Crash Unsolved

Helios 522

August 14, 2005

 

 

 

Helios Airways Flight 522 departs from Cyprus. As it flies over Greece, air traffic controllers lose radio contact with it. An incorrect setting on the cabin pressurization panel causes the pilots and everyone else on board to succumb to hypoxia. Flight 522 runs out of fuel and dives into a hill near Marathon, Greece. There are no survivors.

 

 

Air Hijack - Amritsar India

Indian Airlines 814

December 24, 1999

 

 

 

Indian Airlines Flight 814 was en route from Tribhuvan International Airport (Kathmandu, Nepal) to Indira Gandhi International Airport (Delhi, India) when it was hijacked by five Pakistan nationals on December 24, 1999. Harkat-ul-Mujahideen, a Pakistan-based militant group, was held responsible for the hijacking.

 

 

Concorde's Last Flight

Air France 4590

July 25, 2000

 

 

 

As a Concorde supersonic jet operating as Air France Flight 4590 takes off from Charles de Gaulle International Airport, it catches fire and crashes into a hotel in Gonesse, killing all 109 people on board and four in the hotel.

 

 

Conspiracy Files - Lockerbie

Pan Am 103

December 21, 1988

 

 

 

Pan Am Flight 103, a Boeing 747 flying from London to New York explodes in mid-air shortly after levelling off at 31,000 feet. The explosion causes the disintegration of the plane and wreckage lands in and around the small town of Lockerbie in Scotland, killing all 259 people on board as well as 11 people on the ground. The explosion was later determined to have been caused by a bomb in the forward cargo compartment.

 

 

Crashes That Changed Flying 1

Various

Various

 

 

 

A look into various plane crashes that changed flying.

 

 

Crashes That Changed Flying 2

Various

Various

 

 

 

A look into various plane crashes that changed flying.

 

 

Discovery Science - Flight 587

American Airlines 587

November 12, 2001

 

 

 

Two months since the September 11, 2001 attacks, the event remained fresh in the minds of Americans. At John F. Kennedy Airport, American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300-600R, leaves on a three hour flight to Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic. Shortly after take-off, it encounters turbulence from a Japan Airlines Boeing B-747 that took off from the same runway 30 seconds earlier, causing it to violently tilt back and forth. The pilot repeatedly steps on the rudder back and forth to stabilize the plane, but his overuse of the rudder breaks the tail from the fuselage. Without the tail to support the aircraft, it spins out of control and crashes into Rockaway, Queens, killing all 260 people on board and 5 on the ground.

 

 

Fighting Avistion Terror

Various

Various

 

 

 

In the aftermath of the September 11th terrorists attacks, many nations turned to Israel for airline security advice. Why are the Israelis so expert, and is anything 100% effective?

 

 

Grounded On 9-11

Various

Various

 

 

 

On 11 September 2001, US air traffic control spent four critical hours guiding almost 6,500 planes and close to one million people safely down. How was such a feat achieved?

 

 

Head On Air Crash

Saudi 763 / Kazakh 1907

November 12, 1996

 

 

 

A Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747 and a Air Kazakhstan Ilyushin Il-76 collide in mid-air over Charkhi Dadri, Haryanna, India; killing 349 people. Communication problems between the Kazakh jet and ATC, a design flaw in the ATC radar system, and cloudy weather; lead to the deadliest mid-air collision in history.

 

 

Miracle Of The Hudson

US Airways 1549

January 15, 2009

 

 

 

Following the events of Thursday, January 15 2009, when Captain Chesley Sullenberger landed US Airways flight 1549 on the Hudson River with 155 people on board, after both engines were destroyed by a flock of birds. Including testimony from passengers and rescuers, as well as footage from the day, the programme provides a minute-by-minute retelling of the dramatic forced landing and rescue effort.

 

 

Most Deadly Aviation Disaster

Pan Am 1736 / KLM 4805

March 27, 1977

 

 

 

KLM Flight 4805 and Pan-Am Flight 1736 are scheduled to land on the Canary Islands, but a bombing caused them to divert to Tenerife. While the pilots wait for the passengers, the fog begins to roll in. Later on, KLM Flight 4805 starts down the runway, while at the same moment, Pan-Am 1736 reaches the exit and tries to turn off. Then they slam into each other. There were only 61 survivors.

 

 

Mystery Of Flight 447

Air France 447

June 1, 2009

 

 

 

Air France Flight 447 was a scheduled commercial flight from Rio de Janeiro to Paris, that crashed into the Atlantic Ocean on June 1, 2009, killing all 216 passengers and 12 crew members.

 

 

Nova - Crash Of Flight 111

Swissair 111

September 2, 1998

 

 

 

A McDonnell Douglas MD-11 operating as Swissair Flight 111 experiences a fire in the cockpit due to faulty wiring. The pilots divert the aircraft to Halifax, Nova Scotia, but vital systems fail while dumping fuel in preparation for landing. The aircraft crashes into the sea off Peggy's Cove with no survivors.

 

 

Nova - Dealiest Plane Crash

Pan Am 1736 / KLM 4805

March 27, 1977

 

 

 

KLM Flight 4805 and Pan-Am Flight 1736 are scheduled to land on the Canary Islands, but a bombing caused them to divert to Tenerife. While the pilots wait for the passengers, the fog begins to roll in. Later on, KLM Flight 4805 starts down the runway, while at the same moment, Pan-Am 1736 reaches the exit and tries to turn off. Then they slam into each other. There were only 61 survivors.

 

 

Secrets Of The Black Box

Korean Airlines 007

September 1, 1983

 

 

 

Korean Airlines Flight 007 was a civilian airliner that was shot down by Soviet jet interceptors on September 1, 1983 over the Sea of Japan, just west of Sakhalin island over prohibited Soviet airspace. All 269 passengers and crew aboard were killed. The aircraft was en route from New York City via Anchorage to Seoul when it strayed into prohibited Soviet airspace because of a navigational error.

 

 

Seismic Seconds - TWA 800

Trans World Airlines 800

July 17, 1996

 

 

 

TWA Flight 800 leaves New York for Paris 80 minutes late. Only 12 minutes into the flight, there are short circuits in electrical wires which cause ignition of vaporised jet fuel in the center fuel tank. The explosion causes the nose of the aircraft to break off. The plane continues to disintegrate as it plummets into the sea, killing all 230 on board.

 

 

Silk Air 185 - Pilot Suicide

Silk Air 185

December 19, 1997

 

 

 

Silk Air Flight 185 was a scheduled passenger flight from Jakarta, Indonesia to Singapore, which crashed on 19 December 1997 after abruptly plunging into the Musi River from its 35,000 feet cruise altitude, killing all 97 passengers and 7 crew on board.

 

 

Suicide In The Air

Various

Various

 

 

 

According to the airline industry, four crashes in the last 20 years were caused by suicidal pilots. How and why were these pilots allowed to fly planes full of innocent people?

 

 

Survivors Guide To Air Crashes

Various

Various

 

 

 

Every day across the world, more than 3 million people catch a plane. Yet despite it being the safest form of travel, many of us are terrified of flying and what we fear most is crashing and dying. Most people believe that if they're in a plane crash their time is up, in fact the truth is surprisingly different. Over 90% of plane crashes have survivors and there are many things you can do to increase your chances of staying alive. We have spoken to aviation safety experts, crash investigators as well as plane crash survivors - and put together the 'ultimate survivors guide to plane crashes'.

 

 

Trail Of Terror - Pan Am 103

Pan Am 103

December 21, 1988

 

 

 

Pan Am Flight 103, a Boeing 747 flying from London to New York explodes in mid-air shortly after levelling off at 31,000 feet. The explosion causes the disintegration of the plane and wreckage lands in and around the small town of Lockerbie in Scotland, killing all 259 people on board as well as 11 people on the ground. The explosion was later determined to have been caused by a bomb in the forward cargo compartment.

 

 

Unsolved History - KAL 007

Korean Airlines 007

September 1, 1983

 

 

 

Korean Airlines Flight 007 was a civilian airliner that was shot down by Soviet jet interceptors on September 1, 1983 over the Sea of Japan, just west of Sakhalin island over prohibited Soviet airspace. All 269 passengers and crew aboard were killed. The aircraft was en route from New York City via Anchorage to Seoul when it strayed into prohibited Soviet airspace because of a navigational error.

 

 

Vanishings - Comet Airliner

BOAC 781

January 10, 1954

 

 

 

One of the world's first passenger jets and the most luxurious of its kind, the de Havilland DH-106 Comet-1, takes off from Rome but 26 minutes into the flight, it explodes, killing 35. Then months later, another Comet crashes in the same way. The cause of both crashes was due to the aluminium skin. The constant pressurisation of the jet in flight flexed the thin skin, causing metal fatigue and mostly around the square windows.

 

 

Zero Hour - Flight 11

American Airlines 11

September 11, 2001

 

 

 

American Airlines Flight 11 was a scheduled U.S. domestic passenger flight from Logan International Airport in Boston, Massachusetts, to Los Angeles International Airport. It was hijacked by five Islamic terrorists and deliberately crashed into the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City as part of the September 11, 2001 attacks.

 

 

Zero Hour - Marseilles Hijack

Air France 8969

December 24, 1994

 

 

 

Air France Flight 8969 to Paris-Orly is hijacked on the ground at Algiers Airport. The terrorists demand the aircraft be allowed to depart for Paris so they could crash the A300 into the Eiffel Tower. The only problem is the terrorists do not know how to fly the airplane. The Algerian Army refuses and three of the 220 passengers are shot dead over the next two days. The aircraft is cleared to take off but the crew divert it to Marseille Provence Airport. The terrorist leader forces the pilots to park the aircraft in front of the control tower and the terrorists open fire on the tower building. The Hostage rescue team of the French Gendarmerie storm the aircraft and after a gun battle in the cabin, the hijackers are dead. Everyone else is evacuated.

 


General Aviation

 


Title

 

 

Building The Biggest - Sky Giants

 

 

Building The Ultimate

 

 

Concorde - The Final Flight

 

 

Extreme Engineering - Hong Kong Airport

 

 

Flight Deck - A320

 

 

Flight Deck - B747

 

 

Flight Deck - DC9

 

 

Frontline - Flying Cheap

 

 

Megastructures - Airbus A380

 

 

Most Extreme Airports

 

 

Superstructures - Boeing 747

 

 

Superstructures - Boeing Plant

 

 

Superstructures - Kansai Airport